Millions of years ago, fir trees were abundant throughout Europe and North Africa. with the thaw, A few ago 20.000 years, these fir trees were reduced to high and cold areas. Through thousands of years, these survivors were adapting to the environment, evolving with respect to their peers in other areas and latitudes.

[n El Pinsapo] (Abies Pinsapo) It is an arboreal species of the Pinaceae family., of which only three main nuclei remain in Spain in the high sierras of the western end of the Betic Cordillera, in this case in the Sierra del Pinar de Grazalema, which forms a compact mass of more than 400 hectares.

It is not until the year 1977 when UNESCO declared the Pinsapar de Grazalema and its surroundings as a "Biosphere Reserve". He 13 February 1985, the Junta de Andalucía created the [n Sierra de Grazalema Natural Park], where the pinsapar occupies the reserve area, contributing to the recovery of the pinsapar.

Thanks to the climatic conditions that occur in this area, one of the points with the highest rainfall rate in Spain, one of the few fir forests in the world develops, which grow to 1500 meters high approximately reaching up to 30 meters and living a few 400 years.

[n The El Pinsapar hiking route] takes us into an unusual place, a vestige of those ancient times where these botanical jewels ruled the landscape. A dense and shady forest where the low light will attract our attention, in which specimens compete for light, leaving its lower branches leafless and in the upper part being able to see vultures flying in circles, watching us carefully. From this point of the province the views are superb, allowing us to see the Serranía de Ronda, the Sierra de Grazalema Natural Park Reserve Zone and the highest peak in Cádiz, the keep.

More information about this activity [ HERE]